CanMEDS Key Competencies


CanMEDS Key Competencies

Each CanMEDS Role has a list of Key  Competencies and for each of these there are Enabling competencies. We list here all of the Roles and the associated Key Competencies.  Enabling competencies can be found in the CanMEDS framework document.


Medical Expert

1. Function effectively as consultants, integrating all of the CanMEDS Roles to provide optimal, ethical and patient-centred medical care;

2. Establish and maintain clinical knowledge, skills and attitudes appropriate to their practice;

3. Perform a complete and appropriate assessment to their practice;

4. Use preventative and therapeutic interventions effectively;

5. Demonstrate proficient and appropriate use of procedural skills, both diagnostic and therapeutic;

6. Seek appropriate consultation form other health professionals, recognizing the limits of their expertise.



1. Develop rapport, trust and ethical therapeutic relationships with patients and families;

2. Accurately elicit and synthesize relevant information and perspectives of patients and families, colleagues and other professionals;

3. Accurately convey relevant information and explanations to patients and families, colleagues and other professionals;

4. Develop a common understanding on issues, problems and plans with patients and families, colleagues and other professionals to develop a shared plan of care;

5. Convey effective oral and written information about a medical encounter.



1. Participate effectively and appropriately in an interprofessional healthcare team;

2. Effectively work with other health professionals to prevent, negotiate, and resolve interprofessional conflict.



1. Participate in activities that contribute to the effectiveness of their healthcare organizations and systems;

2. Manage their practice and career effectively;

3. Allocate finite healthcare resources appropriately;


Health Advocate

1. Respond to individual patient health needs and issues as part of patient care;

2. Respond to the health needs of the communities that they serve;

3. Identify the determinants of health of the populations that they serve;

4. Promote the health of individual patients, communities and populations.



1. Maintain and enhance professional activities through ongoing learning;

2. Critically evaluate information and its sources, and apply this appropriately to practice decisions;

3. Facilitate the learning of patients, families, students, residents, other health professionals, the public and others, as appropriate;

4. Contribute to the creation, dissemination, application, and translation of new medical knowledge and practices.




1. Demonstrate a commitment to their patients, profession, and society through ethical practice;

2. Demonstrate a commitment to their patients, profession, and society through participation in profession-led regulation;

3. Demonstrate a commitment to physician health and sustainable practice.